Name of Chapter Hud , 40 verses Number 40

حتَّى إِذَا جَاء أَمْرُنَا وَفَارَ التَّنُّورُ قُلْنَا احْمِلْ فِيهَا مِن كُلٍّ زَوْجَيْنِ اثْنَيْنِ وَأَهْلَكَ إِلاَّ مَن سَبَقَ عَلَيْهِ الْقَوْلُ وَمَنْ آمَنَ وَمَا آمَنَ مَعَهُ إِلاَّ قَلِيلٌ

Translate:
Translation (Tahereh Saffarzadeh): As Our Command was fulfilled and water boiled from the baker's oven [As a Sign of the Divine Affliction], We Stated: "Embark therein two of every kind [Domestic Birds and Animals] a pair [the male and female] and also your household, save him against whom the Word of Ordainment has gone forth already; and also embark whoever believes." But there were only a few those who believed in him.
Translation (M.H. Shakir): Until when Our command came and water came forth from the valley, We said: Carry in it two of all things, a pair, and your own family-- except those against whom the word has already gone forth, and those who believe. And there believed not with him but a few.
Interpretation:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief, Volume: 3, Page: 165-167, Chapter: 11, Surah: Hud, Verse: 40

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin Seminary, Qom - Iran

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THE TRANSLATION

(IT WAS SO) UNTIL OUR COMMAND CAME; AND THE OVEN BOILED. WE SAID: EMBARK IN IT A PAIR OF EACH KIND. (A MALE AND A FEMALE OF EACH KIND) AND ALSO YOUR FAMILY, EXCEPT HIM AGAINST WHOM THE WORD HAS PRECEDED (LIKE NOAH'S WIFE AND ONE OF HIS SONS WHO WERE ALREADY DOOMED), AND THE BELIEVERSِAND THERE BELIEVED NOT WITH HIM EXCEPT A FEW.

 

THE COMMENTARY

THE TEMPEST BEGINS

(VERSE NO. 40 - 43)

      The faithless continued with his blasphemy and iniquitous conducts, and the faithful with his belief and righteous deeds until God's decree was issued, and the oven of God's wrath boiled over, and a fearful tempest began! Then the sky rained cats and dogs, and all the springs on the earth gushed forth, and Lo! A mad Flood covered the whole globe, and overwhelmed everything and every one! It seemed as if the ovens which are usually the places of fire, had turned to flowing springs of water, in order to catch and drown all the enemies of truth!

      Noah and his followers got the hint from a certain oven which boiled up, and swiftly prepared themselves for a fearful voyage. They soon took refuge in the Ark of Allah, knowing well that there would be no refuge other than that, from the wrath of God.

      As per order that was inspired to him; Noah embarked all the believersِwho were not manyِhis own family, except his wife, and KANAAN his sonِand from all species of the animals, a male and a female, and that was all.

      The vessel raised up, and upper, and upset, by the boiling and roaring water; and at once found herself amid the furious waves that

towered like mountains. Everything seemed to be fearful, and no hope flickered from anywhere except from the direction of God!

      The unbelieving son of Noah whose name was KANAAN, standing apart had no confidence in Allah, and relied upon the material things like the mountains! He refused to obey his father in joining them in the Ark. He even could not believe that the handmade Ark of his father could withstand the Flood. In answer to his father he said:ِ ``I will go to that mountain's peak which will protect me from the water.'' He could not believe that all the peaks and depths are in the charge of Allah and under His control:ِ

      ``My son! Embark with us, and be not with the unbelievers. And he replied:ِ I shall soon seek refuge in the mountains which will protect me from water.''

 And the father who saw the fruit of his life is being lost, said with pity and sorrow:ِ- ``Papa! No one can protect you to-day from the wrath of God, except His own Mercy.''

      But a huge wave came forth and interrupted the argument and made a barrier between them, and the rude son went with the waves which were not his friend!

 

WAS THE FLOOD UNIVERSAL?

     Many of the verses imply that the Flood was not regional, and had covered the whole globe, destroying all the living creatures. To this effect all the races of mankind now living on earth take their origin from either one of Noah's three sons, namely HAAMM-SAAMM and YAAFTH. The above verses too, denote that Noah embarked one couple of each animal species which may imply that the Flood could have killed all the living creatures; and yet Allah knows better whether the Flood was a regional or a universal, because the same reason can be used to prove both cases.

 

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