Name of Chapter An-Nahl , 72 verses Number 72

وَاللّهُ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَجَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَزْوَاجِكُم بَنِينَ وَحَفَدَةً وَرَزَقَكُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ أَفَبِالْبَاطِلِ يُؤْمِنُونَ وَبِنِعْمَتِ اللّهِ هُمْ يَكْفُرُونَ

Translate:

Translation (Tahereh Saffarzadeh): And Allah has created your wives of your own kind, and has given you from your wives, sons and grandchildren and [also] has bestowed on you good and pure sustenance. Do they then worship false deities and deny Allah's Bounties?

Translation (M.H. Shakir): And Allah has made wives for you from among yourselves, and has given you sons and grandchildren from your wives, and has given you of the good things; is it then in the falsehood that they believe while it is in the favor of Allah that they disbelieve?

 

Interpretation:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief, Volume: 3, Page: 481-483, Chapter: 16, Surah: An-Nahl, Verse:72

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin Seminary, Qom - Iran

 

THE TRANSLATION

AND ALLAH HAS MADE OUT OF YOUR OWN KIND, SPOUSES FOR YOU; AND HAS MADE OF YOUR SPOUSES CHILDREN AND GRAND-CHILDREN. AND HE SUSTAINED YOU WITH GOOD SUSTAININGS. DO THEY THEN BELIEVE IN FALSEHOOD, AND BECOME THANKLESS TO ALLAH'S BOUNTY?

 

THE COMMENTARY

THE SOURCE OF DIFFERENCES IN SUSTENANCE

VERSE NO. 70 - 72

     It begins with saying that:- ``Allah has created you, and He too will take your soul at death.''

      In other word; both our life and death lays in the hand of God, and they are none of our business. Even we have no control over the length of our life, and there are some who die young, and some who are passed to the object old age, so that they lose and forget all that they knew and had learned!

      Among all the creatures and creation, the most wonderful one is the Man who is developed through many mysterious processes: How the sperm and ova form and join to make an egg or a seed of Man!? How the egg matures and becomes an embryo in the uterus!? During the earlier stages, the developing egg which is the product of fertilization bears no resemblance at all to the baby that is to be. The creature gradually turns to a child with all its curious organism and how she grows to intelligence and knowledge. What is its soul? How is it blown in the child, and how is it taken back at the death bed!? And what of the body that has to suffer dissolution. All these transformations in life and nature are evidences of the Infinite knowledge and power of God, our Creator.

      The next verse (NO.71) implies that even our sustenance lays not under our care and control. We see many weakling and inefficient seeing men and women, who are superior in wealth and possessions to many sound and safe and learned persons!

      After all, a man with superior gift and wealth will not forget or ignore his superiority, and share a servant or slave in his wealth, rank, possession and position, so as to be equal with himself. How dare we then to compare a creature with the Creator who is the most high? How can we ignore the immense differences that exist between the Creator and the created!?

 

IS THE SUPERIORITY IN SUSTENCE JUST?

      To answer the above question we consider two points carefully.

      1- without any doubt, parts of the difference in the wealth and income of the people depends on the differences of their abilities, potentials, and activities. This is because the physical and spiritual talents and abilities are sources of the quality and quantity of Man's endeavour and activity, be it in the fields of economics or else. Even those whom we know them to be weakling and inefficient, we see them sometimes with great wealth and flowing income, and wonder how is that! But when we carefully reflect on them, we will find them with some strong points of potential and talent. Therefore, we may conclude that the difference in incomes is due to the difference in abilities and endeavour, which is of course bestowed on them though the Grace of God. Every one is created to do a work, and the inclination of doing that, has been cast into his heart. Such differences must exist, because they are a part of the general plan of God.

      2- Look at a human body or at a tree. Can these creatures have their parts and limbs all alike and without any difference? Should our retina, which is the sensitive membrane of the eye, be as thick, as strong, and as hard, as the back bone of our foot? Or the rose-leaf becomes as strong and firm, as the stem or the root of the tree?

      If we make all men and women, and all the trees and plants alike, do you think we have done something right and correct? Of course not. Here, by differences, our object is the natural differences, which has nothing to do with our forged and artificial ones like the racial or class differences, that Man has brought forth with the purpose of colonization and unfair exploitation. Therefore, these natural differences that exist among men are among the blessings of God, and are the foundations on which our existence is built.

      The last verse above (NO.72), draws our attention to the creation of spouses, as being a great favour of our Dear Creator. Woman has been created as a helper, and as a mate for man in order to find his comfort with her, and vice verse. Ignoring the sex, both of them are of the same nature, the same moral and the same religious duties and rights. Therefore she is not to be considered as a source of evil or sin, as those Christians who escape marriage consider her.

      The Arabic, ``HAFADAT'' is the plural of, ``HÄFID'' which means one who helps without expecting any reward; but most of the commentators have also taken it to mean grand children, who are also to be looked upon as further blessings.

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