Name of Chapter Ash-Shura , 11 verses Number 11

فَاطِرُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ جَعَلَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا وَمِنَ الْأَنْعَامِ أَزْوَاجًا يَذْرَؤُكُمْ فِيهِ لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ البَصِيرُ

Translate:

Translation (Tahereh Saffarzadeh): Allah is the Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates of human kind; and for the cattle also mates [to maintain generation among the creatures]; for Allah there is no similar, no mate: He is One and Only and He is the Knowing Seer;

Translation (M.H. Shakir): The Originator of the heavens and the earth; He made mates for you from among yourselves, and mates of the cattle too, multiplying you thereby; nothing like a likeness of Him; and He is the Hearing, the Seeing.

Interpretation:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief, Volume: 5, Page: 549-550, Chapter: 42, Surah: Ash-Shura, Verse:11

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin Seminary, Qom - Iran 

 

THE TRANSLATION

(HE IS) THE CREATOR OF THE HEAVENS AND EARTH. HE MADE FOR YOU SPOUSES FROM AMONG YOURSELVES, (YOUR KIND) TO INCREASE YOU IN NUMBER, AND (ALSO) PAIRS OF THE CATTLE. THERE EXISTS NOTHING LIKE HIM. AND HE IS ALL-HEARING, ALL-SEEING.

 

THE COMMENTARY

ALLAH IS THE ABSOLUTE MASTER

VERSE NO.9-12

      ``Have they taken Masters apart from Him!?''

      When our Lord, Cherisher, Protector, and Guardian, is Allah, Who is always nearer to us than our jugular vein, what a nasty blasphemy is to take another one for Master apart from Him, and worship idols and other false gods; and to seek protection and help from those who are helpless themselves, and weaker than us.

      In the next stage, the argument is about Man's variances in their opinions:-

      ``And in whatever of a thing you have differed, its judgement is to be done, and the decree is to be issued, by Allah.''

      Our differences may arise either from our selfish motives, or mistaken notions. Why should we then insist fanatically upon our assertion, and create division, and form sects, which increase hatred, and cause altercation and discord among our fellow creatures. Why don't we use the Book of God which is among us, for judgement, or at least don't we seek help from knowledge and wisdom to reduce our differences!?

      In the next verse the references is to some of God's attributes, Who is the creator of the heavens and earth, Who splitted the black veil of nothingness and brought out of it the whole world, and made spouses for mankind from among them.

      Man's spouse has been made from the same kind, because both sexes, have to be in the same physical, moral, and spiritual level, and superior to animal in all, or many aspects. As an instance, the form and shape of mankind, male or female, has been made so that, they can make a wide variety of movements, that the animals cannot. As to the moral and spiritual aspects, animal are not comparable with Man.

      In this verse (NO.11), the cattle are specially mentioned for having the merit of being domesticated, and also for having special relations with Mankind, which renders them more effective than the beasts and other animals.

 

THERE EXISTS NOTHING LIKE HIM

     Our knowledge is very limited, while God's Essence is an Infinite Being. Therefore our knowledge can never encompass an Infinite entity, and know Him, as he really is.

      On the other hand; our words are created to satisfy our daily needs; and among Man's vocabulary there are no words, through which Man can define any of the limitless attributes of Allah.

      For example; we say God is the first, and God is the last. God is the hidden, and God is the apparent. What we say is true and correct, but in our criterions and measurings, what is the last, cannot be the first at the same time. And so is the invisible, that cannot be visible simulteneously. But all these contrary qualifications and attribute can be true with an Infinit Substance in His Infinity.

 

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