Name of Chapter Al-An'am , 151 verses Number 151

قُلْ تَعَالَوْاْ أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ أَلاَّ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ أَوْلاَدَكُم مِّنْ إمْلاَقٍ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَلاَ تَقْتُلُواْ النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللّهُ إِلاَّ بِالْحَقِّ ذَلِكُمْ وَصَّاكُمْ بِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ

Translate:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief (Volume: 2, Page: 293-295, Chapter: 6, Surah: Al-an’am, Verse: 151)

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin School, Qom - Iran

 

THE TRANSLATION

SAY: `COME, I WILL RECITE WHAT YOUR LORD HAS MADE UNLAWFUL TO YOU; THAT YOU ASSOCIATE NOT ANYTHING WITH HIM. AND BE GOOD TO YOUR PARENTS. AND DO NOT SLAY YOUR CHILDREN FOR FEAR OF POVERTY, WE PROVIDE FOR YOU AND FOR THEM. AND DO NOT APPROACH INDECENCIES BE IT OPEN OR SECRET, AND DO NOT KILL A PERSON WHOM ALLAH HAS FORBIDDEN, EXCEPT FOR A RIGHT CAUSE. THESE ARE EXHORTED TO YOU, PERHAPS YOU USE YOUR WISDOM.

 

THE COMMENTARY

TEN COMMANDMENTS (VERSE NO. 151-153)

      After the rejection of the pagan superstitions in the foregoing verses, the principal prohibitions of Islam and the most heinous of sins have been cleared up in these verses for the Muslims, in order to avoid. They are formed in ten commandments which are of great importance in the sight of Allah's, as follows:

      1- Associate no one and nothing with Allah.

      2- Be kind and do good to your father and mother.

      3- Never kill your children for fear of poverty, or else.

      4- Do not approach indecencies, hidden or open.

      5- Commit no murder, and kill no one without having a right or just cause.

      6- Do not approach the properties of the orphans, except in the best manner until they reach their age.

      7- Fill up the measure and use the scale with justice.

      8- When you speak, observe justice even if you speak on account of a near relative.

      9- Fulfill Allah's covenant.

      10- This is my straight path, the path of monotheism, truth and justice, the path of piety and virtue, the path of unity and brotherhood. So follow it, and let not other paths scatter you out of the road to evolution and development, the road which leads to salvation and eternal prosperity.

      These ten vital instructions are eternal commandments, and are not especialized to Muslims. They are enjoined almost by all Divine and important religions. They are easily apprehended by wisdom and common sense, and are accepted by nature, instinct, and conscience of human being.

      The mention of being kind and doing good to parents immediately after the monotheism and oneness of God is a sign of the high importance of the commandment. This is because God's love of us and His care for us in an infinitely higher level, can be understood by our mother's love and care for us, which is purely unselfish. Therefore, in a mutual reaction, our first duty among our fellow creatures is to be kind with parent, and to do good to them.

      Elsewhere in the glorious Quran we read: Q- S17: 23

      ``Your Lord Has decreed that you worship none but Him, and be kind to your PARENT. If one or both of them attain old age in your dwelling place, then never say to them, `FIE' nor repel them. Lower to them your wings of humility and tenderness, and say: `Lord! Be Merciful to them as they nursed me in childhood.''

DO NOT APPROACH INDECENCIES

      Among the most heinous indecencies are the most alluring sins, such as adultery and devouring other's properties; and in particular that of the orphan. Here we are ordered not to approach, instead of being ordered not to commit the sin! This is because the Satanic temptations may end in commitment and action, sooner or later.

 

THE TEN COMMANDMENT IN MOSAIC LAW

      The Jews and Christians too, have a ten commandment in their Scriptures, which hold it as a part of God's Covenant. These commands are written in the EXODUS 20: 1-17 and in the DEUTRONOMY 5: 1-22 as follows:

      1- I am the Lord your God. Worship no god but Me.

      2- Do not make for yourselves images out of anything in heaven or earth or in the water or under the earth. Do not bow down to any idols.

      3- Do not use God's name for any evil purpose.

      4- Observe the SABBATH and keep it holy.

      5- Respect your mother and father.

      6- Do not commit murder.

      7- Do not commit adultery.

      8- Do not steal.

      9- Do not accuse anyone falsely.

      10- Do not desire another man's wife or whatever he owns.

 

 

 

 

interpreter: Tahereh Saffarzadeh
Interpretation:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief (Volume: 2, Page: 293-295, Chapter: 6, Surah: Al-an’am, Verse: 151)

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin School, Qom - Iran

 

THE TRANSLATION

SAY: `COME, I WILL RECITE WHAT YOUR LORD HAS MADE UNLAWFUL TO YOU; THAT YOU ASSOCIATE NOT ANYTHING WITH HIM. AND BE GOOD TO YOUR PARENTS. AND DO NOT SLAY YOUR CHILDREN FOR FEAR OF POVERTY, WE PROVIDE FOR YOU AND FOR THEM. AND DO NOT APPROACH INDECENCIES BE IT OPEN OR SECRET, AND DO NOT KILL A PERSON WHOM ALLAH HAS FORBIDDEN, EXCEPT FOR A RIGHT CAUSE. THESE ARE EXHORTED TO YOU, PERHAPS YOU USE YOUR WISDOM.

 

THE COMMENTARY

TEN COMMANDMENTS (VERSE NO. 151-153)

      After the rejection of the pagan superstitions in the foregoing verses, the principal prohibitions of Islam and the most heinous of sins have been cleared up in these verses for the Muslims, in order to avoid. They are formed in ten commandments which are of great importance in the sight of Allah's, as follows:

      1- Associate no one and nothing with Allah.

      2- Be kind and do good to your father and mother.

      3- Never kill your children for fear of poverty, or else.

      4- Do not approach indecencies, hidden or open.

      5- Commit no murder, and kill no one without having a right or just cause.

      6- Do not approach the properties of the orphans, except in the best manner until they reach their age.

      7- Fill up the measure and use the scale with justice.

      8- When you speak, observe justice even if you speak on account of a near relative.

      9- Fulfill Allah's covenant.

      10- This is my straight path, the path of monotheism, truth and justice, the path of piety and virtue, the path of unity and brotherhood. So follow it, and let not other paths scatter you out of the road to evolution and development, the road which leads to salvation and eternal prosperity.

      These ten vital instructions are eternal commandments, and are not especialized to Muslims. They are enjoined almost by all Divine and important religions. They are easily apprehended by wisdom and common sense, and are accepted by nature, instinct, and conscience of human being.

      The mention of being kind and doing good to parents immediately after the monotheism and oneness of God is a sign of the high importance of the commandment. This is because God's love of us and His care for us in an infinitely higher level, can be understood by our mother's love and care for us, which is purely unselfish. Therefore, in a mutual reaction, our first duty among our fellow creatures is to be kind with parent, and to do good to them.

      Elsewhere in the glorious Quran we read: Q- S17: 23

      ``Your Lord Has decreed that you worship none but Him, and be kind to your PARENT. If one or both of them attain old age in your dwelling place, then never say to them, `FIE' nor repel them. Lower to them your wings of humility and tenderness, and say: `Lord! Be Merciful to them as they nursed me in childhood.''

DO NOT APPROACH INDECENCIES

      Among the most heinous indecencies are the most alluring sins, such as adultery and devouring other's properties; and in particular that of the orphan. Here we are ordered not to approach, instead of being ordered not to commit the sin! This is because the Satanic temptations may end in commitment and action, sooner or later.

 

THE TEN COMMANDMENT IN MOSAIC LAW

      The Jews and Christians too, have a ten commandment in their Scriptures, which hold it as a part of God's Covenant. These commands are written in the EXODUS 20: 1-17 and in the DEUTRONOMY 5: 1-22 as follows:

      1- I am the Lord your God. Worship no god but Me.

      2- Do not make for yourselves images out of anything in heaven or earth or in the water or under the earth. Do not bow down to any idols.

      3- Do not use God's name for any evil purpose.

      4- Observe the SABBATH and keep it holy.

      5- Respect your mother and father.

      6- Do not commit murder.

      7- Do not commit adultery.

      8- Do not steal.

      9- Do not accuse anyone falsely.

      10- Do not desire another man's wife or whatever he owns.

 

 

 

 

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