Name of Chapter Ibrahim , 40 verses Number 40

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةِ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنَا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعَاء

Translate:

"O, my Creator& Nurturer! Make me to establish prayer and also some from my offsprings; O, our Creator& Nurturer! Please accept my invocation;"

interpreter: Tahereh Saffarzadeh
Interpretation:

Source: Tafsir-e-Nemouneh (Exemplary) in Brief, Volume: 3, Page: 382-385, Chapter: 14, Surah: Ibrahim, Verse:40

Interpreter: Makarem Shirazi, Naser

Translator: Mansoor Aminy _ Baghbadorani

Publication Place: Amir-Al-Momenin Seminary, Qom - Iran

 

THE TRANSLATION

40- MY LORD! MAKE ME A PERFORMER OF THE PRAYER, AND ALSO MY OFFSPRING. OUR LORD! AND ACCEPT (OUR) PRAYER.

 

THE COMMENTARY

THE CONSTRUCTIVE PRAYER OF THE IDOL SMASHER.

((ABRAHAM)

VERSE NO. 35 - 41

      To follow up the argument about the truthful believers and thank givers, a part of ABRAHAM'S prayers have been mentioned here in order to complete the discussion:-

      ``When ABRAHAM said:- My Lord! Make this land secure and keep me and my sons aloof of worshipping idols....''

      ABRAHAM knew well that the idols and idolatries, was a main cause of leading astray so many people throughout the ages.

      Therefore, he who had rebuilt KAABEH with the help of his son Ishmael, prayed for a blessing on his handiwork, and that his offspring might be kept aloof from falling into idolatry. His creed was based upon Monotheism and he was anxious about the future of his doctrine.

He frankly has declared that only those people are mine, who follow me and accept my creed; the foundation of which is the ONENESS OF GOD. And that; even my children, if they do not follow me, or turn against me, they are not mine, and, you know better how to deal with them that thou art All-forgiving, the compassionate.

      Then ABRAHAM fixes his attention in his prayer upon Mecca with KAABEH in its center, which he supposes to be the capital city of Monotheism in the future of the world:-

      ``Our Lord! I have settled some of my offsprings in a barren valley by your sacred house to establish the preayer.''

      The Mecca valley is enclosed by hills on all sides, and has no level plain for cultivation. Here ABRAHAM prayed not only for his posterity but for all the believers who would come after him.

      The event of ABRAHAM, leaving his wife and child in the barren valley of Mecca, according to the Bible and Islamic traditions is as follows:-

      ABRAHAM'S wife named SÄRAH had not born him any children upto their old age. But she had an Egyptian slave girl whose name was HÄJAR. Särah said to her husband; Now that our Lord has kept me from having children, you may also marry my slave girl, perhaps she can have a child for me. Abraham agreed with SÄRAH'S proposal, and so she gave HÄJAR to him as his concubine. Then HÄJAR became pregnant, and bore Abraham a son when he was eighty six years old. Särah felt a little despised in that, and could not help being jealous, and treated HÄJAR so that she could not live in that house any more. By the guidance of Allah, ABRAHAM took his concubine and her child to the valley of Mecca where the foundation of the first temple of man was laid. This temple was a relatively small cubic room (CAABEH) built by Adam and Eve, that by then there was only a surviving trace of it. Later ABRAHAM rebuilt that first temple or what we call to-day the first mosque, with the help of HÄJAR'S son. (ISHMAEL)

      When Abraham left his poor wife and her baby in that barren and secluded valley near the first house of God in the earth, he could not avoid shedding bitter tears. The arch prophet of God committed his two beloved wife and son to the care of his Lord and in an earnest prayer that his words was mingled with tears he said:-

      ``Our Lord! I have settled some of me offspring in a barren valley by your Sacred house, in order to establish the prayer.''

      Soon after; the lonely woman there discovered a fluent spring of crystalline water, and others came to live with them there, and that forgotten piece of barren land began to develop, that finally it had to turn up Mecca, which is now the QIBLEH of milliards of Muslims!

      Then in the following verses Abraham gives his sincere thanks to his Lord, saying:-

      ``Praise be to Allah who has given me in the old age Ishmael and Isaac.''

      As to the old age of Abraham when he became the father of two sons, some commentators say; he was 99 years old when Ishmael was born to him, and he was 112 years old when Isaac was given him. But according to the testament (Genِ16:15) he was 86 years old when HÄJAR gave birth to Ishmael, and again when Abraham was 99 years old (Gen.17) Särah his first wife bore him another son whom he called Isaac.

      Through the above group of verses (NO.35-41) Abraham has prayed to his Lord, or their Lord, for seven of his requests to be granted. These requests are as follows:ِ

1-The security of Mecca which is the capital of Islam and the pivot of Monotheism.

2- Being aloof from the worship of idolsِhe and his children.

3- Making the hearts of some people yearn for his posterity and for those who follow him in his creed.

4- Sustaining the townsfolk of Mecca with products and fruits, so that they might be grateful and give thanks.

5- The performance of Daily Prayer which is the best medium and means of relation between Allah and His servants.

6- Acceptance of his prayers which consist of keeping his heart pure and sincere.

7- God's forgiveness for himself, his parent, and his offspring, and all the believers.

*****

 

THAT WHICH I SAW IN MECCA OF THANKS GIVING.

  In 1970 A.D. I was in Mecca. I hired a taxi to take me round about and to show me what was to be seen. When sometime elapsed I gave some pistachio to the driver to eat for refreshment. So far, he had not eaten that sort of a nut that I gave him. He asked me; what are these things which are of so a good taste!? I said to him; We call it PESTEH. It is the fruit of a small tree of the cashew family. It grows in my home town which is a big village of Isfahan -Iran.

      As soon as I explained that to him, he stopped his car in a corner. He then came out and prostrated himself with face on the ground in a humble thanks giving to the Lord God! I asked him why did he do so? In answer to me he said:-

      ``When My Lord has given me such a good kind of sustenance, which I do not know how it is produced, and where it is produced, and who is the gentleman who has brought it to me; should I not be grateful for such a bounty of my Lord, and should I not, at least say to him; thank you very much my Lord!?''

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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