Manifestations of Religious education in Establishing Worship
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The Role of Family in Religious Education of Adolescents: Considering the fact that during the ages 11-15, the feeling of awareness of worship is shaped in adolescents, the social surroundings plays the greatest role in creating interest and development of religious creed in adolescents. Here few roles of family and school with their characteristics are worthy of attention as follows:

a) Helping Growth of the Desired Religious Identity:

If adolescents accept religious beliefs it is not because they follow suit of their parents in showing faith to Islam.

As adolescents try to establish firmly a suitable personality of their own, they shall of purse need to have firm religious beliefs. Parents should also help their children to respond positively to their innate all, i.e., real worship of Allah. A positive aspect of established religious beliefs is that a religious climate should govern the family.

b) Well-timed Religious Education:

It was already stated that individuals should have an early familiarity with religious beliefs of the family. Religious education and the part parents should have in this education, help the growth of other dimensions of religious beliefs of adolescents.

It will not be an easy task to begin religious education that has been delayed. Hence, before reaching the age of puberty, adolescents should receive religious education.

c) Cognition of Spiritual Dimensions:

It is a tactful task on the part of parents to penetrate the spiritual world of adolescents. To be unfamiliar with this world makes parents unable to adapt themselves to the effective behavior of adolescents.

d) Emergence of Religious Values in the Activities of Children:

Manifestation of religious beliefs in children, especially in their playtime will have a great part in religious tendencies of adolescents. Instances of this are playing with veiled dolls or owning prayers rugs or visiting sacred places.

e) Respecting religious Beliefs:

If the family members respect religious beliefs, adolescents will also follow suit. Early saying of prayers and participation in the congregational prayers on the part of parents will strengthen the mentality of adolescents to act in conformity with their parents. Pious parents bring up pious children. It is up to schools to encourage pupils that have at home been away from their innate divine beliefs to establish worship.

 

The Role of the School in Religious Education of the Youth

a)      To Enhance Enthusiasm

        In elementary courses of studies, children are at the stage of familiarity with their educational surroundings and so follow the example of religious behavior. If at this stage children are taught properly to receive religious education, they will enthusiastically accept the teachings. At higher levels of studies practical encouragement should be considered. Furthermore, religious debates at school enhance the enthusiasm of pupils for religion.

b)     Educational Aids

        Educational journals posted on walls, informing about sacred religious places or the mosques where the pupils live, and interviews with Aemehe Jamaa’t[i][1] can be helpful in making the youth familiar with their religion.

c)     Religious Certitude and Insight

        Teachers guide adolescents in religious education and these teachings should be coupled with a religious insight inspired in their pupils. In this way the purification of the soul is ensured. Teachers should attend the congregational prayers established in schools because this will enhance the religious beliefs of adolescents.

d) Attaching Importance to the Period Allowed for Saying Prayers in School

        If saying prayers are considered as important as other lessons, this will help to drive home the message of religious teachings, better. The staff for establishing worship in school where teachers and pupils attend can enhance the enthusiasm of pupils for religious beliefs.

 e) Raising Self-confidence to Cope with Remorsefulness of having committed a Sin

        Repentance is a spiritual characteristic in adolescence, because adolescents have tender and effective feelings. Familiarity with the mentality of adolescents and rousing their mentality with proper methods of allowing adolescents to give utterance to their spiritual and effective problems will build up their hopefulness.

f) Valuing religious Issues

        Islam values religious education of man and at the same time provides opportunity for it, so as to ensure permanence to religious values. If the youth feel within themselves the value of religion, they will show tendency to religious acts. To assign the best place in school for saying prayers, to give a sweet fragrance to this place, to entrust the duty of leading prayers to those who are well-versed in the ways of the youth and to call for the service of the best “Muezzins[ii][2]” will be helpful in this regard.

 

CONCLUSION

                1-Acts of worship will have a great part in the development of self-esteem in adolescents and the youth.

                2-The family has a pivotal role in religious commitments. The concordance of religious values at home and in school enhances the religious insight of the youth.

        3- Establishment of worship makes the youth understand and value their divine dignity and moral personality.

        4- Close religious association between the clergy and the youth and to know the mentality and the needs of the youth will help penetrate their thoughts and ideas.

        5- The youth of today, to cope with moral anti-values of the west, need a strong religious support.

 

Sources:

1- Man and Faith, an essay written by the Martyr Morteza Mutahhari, Sadra Publication

2- The knowledge of the Quran, an essay written by Misbah Yazdi, Rah-i-Haq Publications.

3- Worship, the Token of Resignation of Rebellious Man to His Lord’s Will, an essay written by Jalal Rafi, Ettala’at Publications.

4- Education and Edification, an essay written by Ghulam Hussain Sholsuhi, the Institution of the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (P)

5- A Guidenline for Religious Affairs Teachers, by Muhammad Ali Sadat, Ministry of Education

6- Transfer to Islamic Education, first book, written by Muhammad Jawad Bahunar, Nur publications

 

 

 



[i][1] Prayer leaders

[ii][2] Those who call Muslims to pray

 

Source: Mahjubah, Vol.19, No.2

Authors: Muhammad Reza Rezai
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